Birth Flower Meanings Guide
From January Through to December



Have you thought to add birth flower meanings to your bridal bouquets? A creative way to add personal expression and significance to your wedding day; a floral arrangement can be comprised of many different flowers or an assortment of colours. It all depends on your chosen colour scheme or wedding theme.

Every month has different birth month flowers, just like birth stones they have special meanings assigned to each flower. Your florist can model a bouquet with both your fiance's birth flowers and yours, along with more of your favourite blooms, making it a wedding with special meaning and a wedding to remember. Here are over 100 a-z flower meanings, flower dictionary with pictures to help compose your bridal flowers in advance.

With our birth flower meanings guide, you can arrange the perfect birthday flower arrangement and make your bridal bouquet unique yet meaningful to you and your husband-to-be, a little secret something, just for the two of you!

Birth Flower Month

January Birth Flower - Carnation

The carnation is the January birth flower also called the gillyflower and clove pink and is widely harvested in many different colours and varieties. Originally from Asia, where they’ve been cultivated for at least 2,000 years. With its feathery soft petals, it's traditionally known as the 'mothers day' flower. The carnation is a tall flower growing 3 feet high and has a lovely rich frangrance. In contrast, some beautiful flowers have no scent at all.

Carnation is derived from the Greek word corone (coronation) and means 'flower of the Gods'. It's Latin name is dianthus which means 'divine flower'. In Spain the bloom is used in national festivals and the main flower in many religious celebraitons. The carnation has different meanings depending on the colour.

Red: admiration, my heart aches for you
White: friendship, sweet, innocence, pure love
Pink: romance, I'll never forget you
Striped: refusal, no, I wish I could be with you
Yellow: disappointment, rejection

It's Element: Earth

Flower Meaning of Carnation: fascination, womans love, pure love, protection, strength.


February Birth Flower - Iris

The iris is the February birth flower and is cultivated all over the world. This lovely bloom can grow in water and on land, all year round and with over 200 varieties.

The word iris is Greek for 'rainbow'. It grows in hues from purples, blues to whites and yellows. Its most popular hues are the deep blue variety. In ancient times, the roots of iris were used in medicinal remedies.

Purple and Dark Blue: royalty
Yellow: passion

It's Element: Air

Flower Meaning of Iris: warmth of affection, prosperity, faith, wisdom, hope, inspiration.


March Birth Flower - Daffodil

The daffodil is the March birth flower. It is native to the Mediterranean, though it is cultivated all over the world as a decorative plant. It can grow up to two feet in height and has been associated with rays of sunshine emanating from the ground. The daffodil's meaning is rebirth with a promise of happiness and joy.

Though its Latin name is narcissus, the name daffodil is a derivative of 'affodell' and a variant of asphodel. In England, it is also known as the lent lily because it blooms during lent.

It's Element: Water

Flower Meaning of Daffodil: unrequited love, your the only one, chivalry, regard.


April Birth Flower - Daisy

The daisy is the April birth flower, a large and colourful bloom and a popular favourite with flower lovers all over the world. A pleasant way to make a lasting impression, the daisy comes in many colours. It is associated with innocence and brings a joyful, happy-go-lucky character wherever it appears.

It's Element: Fire

Flower Meaning of Daisy: innocence, modesty, nice meeting you, hope to see you again, loyal love, purity.


May Birth Flower - Lily of the Valley

Lily of the valley is the birth flower of May. Native to Europe, the lily is a delicate white bloom often used in bridal bouquets and wedding floral arrangements for its fragrant sweet perfume and broad oblong leaves. Lily of the valley can be grown in the sun or shade.

In ancient times the flower was used in herbal medicines as a poison antidote. The specific name for lily of the valley is majalis which means 'that which belongs to May'. This graceful flower represents strength and natural beauty and was greatly favoured during the Victorian era, with its hidden message, 'you have made my life complete'.

It's Element: Earth

Flower Meaning of Lily of the Valley: sweetness, tears of the Virgin Mary, return to happiness, humility, beauty, gaiety.


June Birth Flower - Rose

The Rose is the birth flower of June and is rich with history and meaning, no other bloom is as evocative.

With over a hundred species of wild roses available, they symbolise love and passion. However, the flower meanings change according to the colour and number of stems in a bouquet, expressing a secret language of love.

The Greeks regarded the rose as the flower of passion. They believed that Aphrodite the goddess of love gave a rose to her son, Eros the god of love.

Rose passion, I love you
Pink: please believe me
Light Pink: admiration, sympathy
White: innocence, purity
Orange: you are my secret love
Yellow: jealousy, infidelity
Burgundy: beauty
Blue: mystery
Green: calm
Purple: protection

Its Element: Air

Flower meaning of Rose: symbol of beauty and love, admiration, secret love, passion, mystery.


July Birth Flower - Larkspur

The larkspur is the birth flower of July and is a variety of delphinium. The Larkspur has a refreshing fragrance, its easy to grow and comes in a variety of distinctive colours. The plant was used in popular medicines against eye-diseases and is known to be poisonous to livestock. In ancient times, it's blue colour was used to keep witches away.

Its name derives from the spur of the flower. It is a tall flower with five petals growing together to form a hollow flower with a spur at the end. The spikes of the flower are up to two feet tall. A common name shared with the related consolida. Other names are, lark's claw, knight's spur and lark's heel.

Pink: fickle
White: happy-go-lucky
Purple: sweet disposition

Its Element Water

Flower meaning of Larkspur:infidelity, fickleness, open heart, beautiful spirit.


August Birth Flower - Gladiolus

The gladiolus is the birth flower of August. Originally from Asia, the gladiolus is a member of the iris family with well over 200 hundred species. The gladiolus grows from a bulb and is planted several inches below the ground surface. Its name comes from the Latin word for sword 'gladius', this flower means remembrance. It symbolises strength of character . In romance, its sword-like blossoms pierce the infatuated heart with its incredible beauty. The gladiolus is also known as the sword lily or the gladiola.

Gladiolus are available in a variety of colours: white, yellow, orange, pink and red.

Its Element: Fire

Flower meaning of Gladiolus: flower of the gladiators, sincererity, strength of character.


September Birth Flower - Aster

The aster is the birth flower of September. It is closely related to the Chrysanthemum, from the family asteraceae with over 600 species. Aster is the Greek word for 'star' and refers to the star shape of the flower head. In ancient times, it was believed burning the leaves gave special powers, as the scent would drive away evil. The aster flower symbolises afterthought and was laid on the graves of soldiers.

The aster is available in a variety of colours: white, lilac, pink, mauve, red.

Its Element: Earth

Flower meaning of Aster: symbol of love, daintiness, contentment, unpredictability.


October Birth Flower - Marigold

The marigold or calendula is the birth flower of October and follows the path of the sun throughout the day. They were sometimes called summer bride or husbandmans dial, for this reason. It is also known as garden holligold, bull's eyes, Mary bud, marigold, goldbloom, and pot marigold. The flower heads range from yellow to dark orange/red and its leaves grow from 5 - 20 cm long. The petals are edible, popularly added as a spice or as a garnish to a plate.

Marigolds are cleansing and can be a remedy for bee stings. Early Christians placed the bloom at the statue of the Virgin Mary, calling the flower, Mary’s Gold. In India, the flower was placed around the necks of holy statues, as it was considered most sacred.

Its Element: Air

Flower meaning of Marigold: cruelty, grief, jealousy, sacred affection, my thoughts are with you.


November Birth Flower - Chrysanthemum

The chrysanthemum is the birth flower of November with over 30 species, grown by the Chinese for over 2,000 years and the symbol of the Sun, also known as 'the mum'. The chrysanthemum was used as a powerful antibiotic and antiseptic in traditional Chinese medicines to treat angina and high blood pressure. In Feng Shui, this flower brings laughter and happiness to the home.

According to an old myth, a single petal of this flower placed at the bottom of a glass brings forth longevity. A symbol of death in some European countries where they are used for funerals and on graves. The chrysanthemum was named after the Greek words 'chrysos' and 'anthos' together meaning 'gold flower'. This flower is also the national flower of Japan, symbolising the Japanese Emporer.

The chrysanthemum is available in the following colours: white, yellow, orange, red, pink, mauve.

Its Element: Water

Flower meaning of Chrisanthemum: a wonderful friend, cheerfulness, rest, compassion, secret love.


December Birth Flower - Narcissus

The nacissus is the birth flower of December, a sweet fragrant, bulbous white flower with long narrow leaves. Also known as the Christmas flower, the narccissus is closely related to the daffodil which comprises white, yellow and orange hues. The white narcissus is the only variety that does not require a cold and dark season to bloom. In Greek, the word narcissus means 'to numb', as the scent induced headaches when enclosed in a small space.

In Greek mythology, Narcissus was the most beautiful boy on earth and as he saw his own reflection in a near by lake, he leant over to kiss his mirrored image and fell in and drowned. When he was discovered by the God Apollo, he turned Narcissus into a beautiful flower, so his beauty could be remembered forever.

The Egyptians and Greeks relate this flower to death, hanging wreaths of narcissus during a funeral ceremonies.

The narcissus come in: white, yellow and orange.

Its Element: Fire

Flower meaning of Narcissus: egotism, self, formality, stay as sweet as you are, possibility of renewal, peace.

decorative stars

Florigraphy - The study of flower meanings is an actual science known as florigraphy, and it reveals extra underlying meanings to sending or receiving flowers - subtle and secret messages can be passed through the different blooms.

History - It is believed that the flower language began in Turkey during the seventeenth century. Romantic lovers began using floral exchanges to convey emotional messages. In the Victorian era there was a rise in the popularity with this flower language. In England, dozens of dictionaries of "florigraphy" were published during that period. Suitors carefully studied these guidebooks to select appropriate bouquets for their lovers and sweethearts.

 

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